Multiplicative and verifiably multiplicative secret sharing for multipartite adversary structures

Reo Eriguchi, Noboru Kunihiro, Koji Nuida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

d-Multiplicative secret sharing enables n players to locally compute additive shares of the product of d secrets from their shares. Barkol et al. (Journal of Cryptology, 2010) show that it is possible to construct a d-multiplicative scheme for any adversary structure satisfying the Qd property, in which no d sets cover the whole set of players. In this paper, we focus on multipartite adversary structures and propose efficient multiplicative and verifiably multiplicative secret sharing schemes tailored to them. First, our multiplicative scheme is applicable to any multipartite Qd-adversary structure. If the number of parts is constant, our scheme achieves a share size polynomial in the number n of players while the general construction by Barkol et al. results in exponentially large share size in the worst case. We also propose its variant defined over smaller fields. As a result, for a special class of bipartite adversary structures with two maximal points, it achieves a constant share size for arbitrary n while the share size of the first scheme necessarily incurs a logarithmic factor of n. Secondly, we devise a more efficient scheme for a special class of multipartite ones such that players in each part have the same weight and a set of players belongs to the adversary structure if and only if the sum of their weights is at most a threshold. Thirdly, if the adversary structure is Qd+1, our first scheme is shown to be a verifiably multiplicative scheme that detects incorrect outputs with probability 1. For multipartite adversary structures with a constant number of parts, it improves the worst-case share and proof sizes of the only known general construction by Yoshida and Obana (IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 2019). Finally, we propose a more efficient verifiably multiplicative scheme by allowing small error probability δ and focusing on a more restricted class of multipartite adversary structures. Our scheme verifies computation of polynomials and can achieve a share size independent of δ while the previous construction only works for monomials and results in a share size involving a factor of log δ- 1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1751-1778
Number of pages28
JournalDesigns, Codes, and Cryptography
Volume91
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
  • Applied Mathematics

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