Multi-Instrument Observations of the Atmospheric and Ionospheric Response to the 2013 Sudden Stratospheric Warming over Eastern Asia Region

Gang Chen, Yaxian Li, Shaodong Zhang, Baiqi Ning, Wanlin Gong, Akimasa Yoshikawa, Kornyanat Hozumi, Takuya Tsugawa, Zhihua Wang

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9 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate the atmospheric and ionospheric response to the 2013 sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) by using multiple instruments located in Eastern Asia. Three meteor radars and five ionosondes are used to investigate the mesospheric zonal wind fields and ionospheric parameters of F -layer virtual height ( h 'F), F2-layer peak height ( h-{m}\text{F}-{2} ), and critical frequency ( f-{o}\text{F}-{2} ) at mid- and low-latitudes (10.7°N to 40.3°N). The vertical total electron content (TEC) data derived from the ground-based global positioning system receiver network are analyzed to study the ionospheric perturbations in the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) region. The changes in equatorial electrojet (EEJ) are observed by using the magnetometer data from stations on and off the magnetic equator. The variations of the h-{m}\text{F}-{2} at Sanya and EEJ strength presented the semidiurnal pattern with increase/decrease and eastward/westward currents in the morning/afternoon hours. In addition, the EIA crest moved poleward/equatorward in the morning/afternoon. The f-{o}\text{F}-{2} showed the most significant enhancements during daytime at Wuhan and Shaoyang but the f-{o}\text{F}-{2} at Sanya and Chumphon reduced mildly. Most importantly, based on the time-period wavelet analysis, the diurnal tidal components in the f-{o}\text{F}-{2} over Beijing, Wuhan, and Sanya seemed similar those in zonal winds and the semidiurnal tides in the low-latitude h-{m}\text{F}-{2} showed the similar temporal variations as those in EEJ strength during the later phase of SSW. Therefore, apart from the local tides propagating from lower atmosphere having influence on the mid- and low-latitude ionosphere directly during the early phase, the equatorial fountain effect modulated by the enhanced tides also disturbed the EIA region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8880604
Pages (from-to)1232-1243
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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