Multi-fuel capability of solid oxide fuel cells

K. Sasaki, K. Watanabe, K. Shiosaki, K. Susuki, Y. Teraoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)


One of the most attractive features of solid oxide fuel cells is their flexibility for fuels so that internal reforming and/or simple external reforming may be possible. In this study, equilibria in various possible fuel gases are considered, and C-H-O diagrams are constructed. Power generation characteristics for these fuels are measured and compared with those for simulated reformed gas in equilibrium compositions. We have succeeded to demonstrate direct-alcohol SOFCs for e.g. methanol, ethanol, and propanol. Mixtures of CH4 and CO2 are used as simulated biogas, and iso-octane (C8H18) and n-dodecane (C12H 26) are highlighted as simulated gasoline and kerosene, respectively. Influence of fuel impurities on power generation characteristics is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-675
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Electroceramics
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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