MR ratio enhancement by NOL current-confined-path structures in CPP spin valves

Hideaki Fukuzawa, Hiromi Yuasa, Susumu Hashimoto, Katsuhiko Koi, Hitoshi Iwasaki, Masayuki Takagishi, Yoichiro Tanaka, Masashi Sahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Citations (Scopus)


We have compared the magnetoresistance (MR) performance of current-confined-path (CCP) current-perpendicular-to-plane giant magnetoresistance (CPP-GMR) spin valve films with a nano-oxide-layer (NOL), made between natural oxidation (NO) and ion-assisted oxidation (IAO). For the NO, an MR ratio was only 1.5% at an RA of 370 mωμm2, whereas for the IAO, an MR ratio was greatly increased to 5.4% at an RA of 500 mωμm2. Fitted data by the Valet-Fert model showing larger MR enhancement effect by the IAO is explained by the improvement of the metal-purity of the Cu inside the CCP structure. By further improvement of metal-purity of the Cu, a large MR ratio of more than 30% can be expected at a small RA of 300 mωμm2. The CCP-CPP spin valve film is a promising candidate for realizing high-density recording heads for 200 to 400-Gbpsi recording.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2236-2238
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number4 II
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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