Motivations for exiting hog production in the 1990s and incentives for re-entry

John D. Lawrence, Erda Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


A survey of Iowa farmers who quit raising hogs between 1991–1997 quantified the demographics of the enterprises and operators, motivations for leaving, and prospects for re-entering hog production. The median enterprise size was 500 head marketed a year, yet hogs accounted for 40% of farm income. While 30% increased another enterprise or off-farm employment, 45% reported simply working less. Economic forces were cited for quitting hogs, but over 80% of the farmers did not know their cost of production. Higher operating margins and restrictions on competition were needed before these farmers would produce hogs again.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-465
Number of pages13
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Economics and Econometrics


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