Nine monoclonal mouse anti-human aldolase C antibodies, mAbs A4, A8, B4, B7, B8, C1, D9, E10, and H1, were isolated and characterized. These mAbs fall substantially into four groups according to their reactivity with antigens. (i) Human aldolase C-specific mAbs (B8, D9, and H1). (ii) Type C aldolase-specific mAbs (B4 and E10). (iii) Ubiquitous mAbs, which react with vertebrate aldolases irrespective of type of isozyme and species (A4 and B7). (iv) Sub-ubiquitous mAbs, which are closely similar to the ubiquitous mAbs but differ slightly in terms of antigenic specificity (A8 and C1). Aldolase C-specific mAbs B8, H1, B4, and E10, but not D9, have their epitopes on a region within amino acid positions 79-193 of antigens, where the type-C isozyme group-specific sequence-3 (IGS-3) is situated. In contrast, ubiquitous mAbs A4 and B7 and sub-ubiquitous mAb A8 may have their epitopes on the commonly conserved regions of the three isozyme groups. The epitope of sub-ubiquitous mAb C1 appears to be on the IGS-2/3 but this is yet to be resolved. These nine mAbs can be classified into two groups based on the mode of epitope recognition, which was determined by ELISA, immunoblotting, and immunoprecipitation assays: (i) primary sequence-epitope mAbs such as B4, E10, and B7; and (ii) conformation-epitope mAbs (B8, D9, H1, A4, A8, and C1). Among these mAbs, aldolase C-specific mAbs H1 and E10 appear to be useful as probes for detection of conformational change around the type-C IGS-3 motif of human aldolase C because, when assessed by immunoprecipitation assay, mAb H1 reacts only with human aldolase C but not with CA250 and CA306, while mAb E10 reacts with CA250 and CA306 but not with aldolase C, even though these antigens have a common type-C IGS-3 motif. Similarly, the ubiquitous mAb B7 should serve as a probe for general use to detect vertebrate aldolases irrespective of isozyme groups and species.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1996|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology