Monitoring biodiversity change through effective global coordination

Laetitia M. Navarro, Néstor Fernández, Carlos Guerra, Rob Guralnick, W. Daniel Kissling, Maria Cecilia Londoño, Frank Muller-Karger, Eren Turak, Patricia Balvanera, Mark J. Costello, Aurelie Delavaud, G. Y. El Serafy, Simon Ferrier, Ilse Geijzendorffer, Gary N. Geller, Walter Jetz, Eun Shik Kim, Hye Jin Kim, Corinne S. Martin, Melodie A. McGeochTuyeni H. Mwampamba, Jeanne L. Nel, Emily Nicholson, Nathalie Pettorelli, Michael E. Schaepman, Andrew Skidmore, Isabel Sousa Pinto, Sheila Vergara, Petteri Vihervaara, Haigen Xu, Tetsukazu Yahara, Mike Gill, Henrique M. Pereira

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

119 Citations (Scopus)


The ability to monitor changes in biodiversity, and their societal impact, is critical to conserving species and managing ecosystems. While emerging technologies increase the breadth and reach of data acquisition, monitoring efforts are still spatially and temporally fragmented, and taxonomically biased. Appropriate long-term information remains therefore limited. The Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON) aims to provide a general framework for biodiversity monitoring to support decision-makers. Here, we discuss the coordinated observing system adopted by GEO BON, and review challenges and advances in its implementation, focusing on two interconnected core components — the Essential Biodiversity Variables as a standard framework for biodiversity monitoring, and the Biodiversity Observation Networks that support harmonized observation systems — while highlighting their societal relevance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-169
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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