Japanese government declared a goal to reduce CO2 emissions to half of those in 2005 as the objective "Cool Earth 50". One promising means of reducing CO2 emission is the development of integrated coal gasification combined cycle with CO2 capture & storage (IGCC-CCS). In the IGCC-CCS process, CO2 separation membranes will play an important role for reducing CO2 capture costs. Estimates indicated that the CO2 capture cost from a pressurized gas stream using a membrane would be 1,500 JPY/ton- CO2 or less. We are currently developing CO2 molecular gate membrane, with the goal of producing a new, high-performance separation membrane modules. In the concept of the molecular gate membrane, the pathway for gas molecules is occupied solely by CO2, which acts as a gate to block the passage of other gases. Consequently, the amount of H2 permeating to the permeate side of the membrane is greatly limited and high concentrations of CO2 can be obtained. Poly(amidoamine)(PAMAM) dendrimers, candidate materials for molecular gate membranes, shows high separation performance in separation of CO 2/N2 and CO2/H2. In RITE, PAMAM dendrimer/polymer hybrid membranes were developed for CO2 separation from flue gas (CO2/N2) and from IGCC process (CO 2/H2). Although dendrimer itself is viscous liquid, the dendrimer/polymer hybrid membranes are stable under pressure difference conditions, and thus suitable for practical use. The CO2/H 2 selectivity of the membrane showed more than 30, which is required to apply membrane modules for IGCC process. From these results, a PAMAM dendrimer/polymer hybrid membrane is a promising candidate for IGCC process with CO2 capture. Based on these materials, modification of membrane materials is ongoing to improve CO2 separation performance further. In the development of commercial membrane modules using the PAMAM dendrimer/polymer hybrid materials, RITE, Kuraray Co., Ltd., Nitto Denko Corporation and Nippon Steel Engineering Co., Ltd. established Molecular Gate Membrane module Technology Research Association, and membrane materials, membrane modules and separation systems are being developed with collaboration in the research association.
|Number of pages
|Published - 2013
|11th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT 2012 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: Nov 18 2012 → Nov 22 2012
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Energy