Molecular aggregation state and photovoltaic properties of chlorophyll-doped conducting poly(3-hexylthiophene)/MCM-41 nanocomposites

Weng On Yah, Zhe Wang, Hideyuki Otsuka, Kenichi Kato, Jungeun Kim, Masaki Takata, Atsushi Takahara

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Chlorophyll (Chl) was immobilized into a 1,4-butanediol-modified MCM-41 (BMCM-41) intercalated by poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) to form BMCM-41/P3HT/Chl nanocomposites having P3HT contents of 10, 30, 60, and 90 wt % from a solution-casting method. Wide-angle X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy studies indicate that the pore structure of MCM-41 was retained after surface modification and a subsequent P3HT intercalation process. Scanning electron microscopy images showed that the BMCM-41 nanoparticles dispersed into the polymer matrix of BMCM-41/P3HT/Chl, and the sample with 10 wt % P3HT content gives the most homogeneous nanoparticle dispersion. Nitrogen adsorption?desorption results confirmed that the P3HT intercalation and Chl immobilization inside the BMCM-41 mesopore were successfully carried out. The pore volume and surface area of BMCM-41 decreased significantly when the amount of P3HT was increased from 10 to 90 wt %. The UV?vis study showed a blue shift of the φ?φ* transition band of P3HT in the spectra of BMCM-41/P3HT/Chl nanocomposites. The FT-IR study indicates an increase of the thiophene ring stretching and a decrease of the C - O stretching when P3HT and Chl were inside the mesopore. The photovoltaic property of Chl-doped P3HT was improved significantly upon the addition of BMCM-41 nanoparticles, and BMCM-41/P3HT-10/Chl exhibits the highest incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency of 7.16%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1544-1552
Number of pages9
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 29 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science


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