TY - JOUR

T1 - Modular symmetry in the SMEFT

AU - Kobayashi, Tatsuo

AU - Otsuka, Hajime

AU - Tanimoto, Morimitsu

AU - Yamamoto, Kei

N1 - Funding Information:
We thank Hiroshi Okada for useful discussions. This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grants No. JP19J00664 (HO), No. JP20K14477 (HO), No. JP21K13923 (KY), and IBS under the project code, IBS-R018-D1 (HO).
Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

PY - 2022/3/1

Y1 - 2022/3/1

N2 - We study the modular symmetric standard model effective field theory. We employ the stringy Ansatz on coupling structure that 4-point couplings y(4) of matter fields are written by a product of 3-point couplings y(3) of matter fields, i.e., y(4)=y(3)y(3). In this framework, we discuss the flavor structure of bilinear fermion operators and 4-fermion operators, where the holomorphic and antiholomorphic modular forms appear. From the Ansatz, the A4 modular-invariant semileptonic four-fermion operator [ĒRΓER][D¯RΓDR] does not lead to the flavor changing (FC) processes since this operator would be constructed in terms of gauge couplings g as y(3)∼g. The chirality flipped bilinear operator [D¯RΓDL] also does not lead FC if the mediated mode corresponds to the Higgs boson Hd. In this case, the flavor structure of this operator is the exactly same as the mass matrix. On the other hand, if the flavor structure of the operator is not the exactly same as the mass matrix, the situation would change drastically. Then, we obtain the nontrivial relations of FC transitions at nearby fixed points τ=i,ω,i∞, which are testable in the future. As an application, we discuss the relations of the lepton flavor violation processes μ→eγ,τ→μγ and τ→eγ at nearby τe=i, where the successful lepton mass matrix was obtained. We also study the flavor changing 4-quark operators in the A4 modular symmetry of quarks. As a result, the minimal flavor violation could be realized by taking relevant specific parameter sets of order one.

AB - We study the modular symmetric standard model effective field theory. We employ the stringy Ansatz on coupling structure that 4-point couplings y(4) of matter fields are written by a product of 3-point couplings y(3) of matter fields, i.e., y(4)=y(3)y(3). In this framework, we discuss the flavor structure of bilinear fermion operators and 4-fermion operators, where the holomorphic and antiholomorphic modular forms appear. From the Ansatz, the A4 modular-invariant semileptonic four-fermion operator [ĒRΓER][D¯RΓDR] does not lead to the flavor changing (FC) processes since this operator would be constructed in terms of gauge couplings g as y(3)∼g. The chirality flipped bilinear operator [D¯RΓDL] also does not lead FC if the mediated mode corresponds to the Higgs boson Hd. In this case, the flavor structure of this operator is the exactly same as the mass matrix. On the other hand, if the flavor structure of the operator is not the exactly same as the mass matrix, the situation would change drastically. Then, we obtain the nontrivial relations of FC transitions at nearby fixed points τ=i,ω,i∞, which are testable in the future. As an application, we discuss the relations of the lepton flavor violation processes μ→eγ,τ→μγ and τ→eγ at nearby τe=i, where the successful lepton mass matrix was obtained. We also study the flavor changing 4-quark operators in the A4 modular symmetry of quarks. As a result, the minimal flavor violation could be realized by taking relevant specific parameter sets of order one.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.105.055022

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.105.055022

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85128309948

SN - 2470-0010

VL - 105

JO - Physical Review D

JF - Physical Review D

IS - 5

M1 - 055022

ER -