Modeling of the deformation of a liquid droplet impinging upon a flat surface

J. Fukai, Z. Zhao, D. Poulikakos, C. M. Megaridis, O. Miyatake

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279 Citations (Scopus)


This article presents a theoretical study of the deformation of a spherical liquid droplet impinging upon a flat surface. The study accounts for the presence of surface tension during the spreading process. The theoretical model is solved numerically utilizing deforming finite elements and grid generation to simulate accurately the large deformations, as well as the domain nonuniformities characteristic of the spreading process. The results document the effects of impact velocity, droplet diameter, surface tension, and material properties on the fluid dynamics of the deforming droplet. Two liquids with markedly different thermophysical properties, water and liquid tin, are utilized in the numerical simulations because of their relevance in the industrial processes of spray cooling and spray deposition, respectively. The occurrence of droplet recoiling and mass accumulation around the splat periphery are standout features of the numerical simulations and yield a nonmonotonic dependence of the maximum splat radius on time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2588-2599
Number of pages12
JournalPhysics of Fluids A
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)


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