Mixing nitrogen-containing compounds for synthesis of porous boron nitride for improved porosity, surface functionality, and solid base catalytic activity

Atsushi Takagaki, Shohei Nakamura, Shu Ashimura, Masaaki Yoshida, Jun Tae Song, Motonori Watanabe, Shigenobu Hayashi, Tatsumi Ishihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Porous boron nitride was synthesized using boric acid with urea and/or hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) via pyrolysis method. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared measurements indicated that the synthesized boron nitride has a turbostratic structure with both amino and hydroxyl group on the surface. The synthesis using a mixture of two nitrogen-containing precursors was found to not only significantly increase the porosity, but also improve the surface functionality. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and B K-edge and O K-edge X-ray absorption fine structure measurements revealed that the proportion of amino and hydroxyl groups on the surface increased with increasing concentration of HMTA during synthesis. Solid-state 11B nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy indicated that all samples contained trigonal B-N, trigonal B-O and tetrahedral B-O sites, and that samples prepared with high concentrations of HMTA had less tetrahedral B-O sites, suppressing the formation of BOx species as byproducts. Solid base catalytic activity was evaluated through Knoevenagel condensation, and the catalytic performance was significantly improved by synthesizing boron nitride catalyst using a mixture of the two nitrogen-containing precursors. The enhancement of the activity was influenced by the development of the pore structure as well as the emergence of functional groups on the surface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118635
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume638
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 25 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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