Rotational transitions of the mono(β)-deuterated vinyl radical, HDC=CH, produced in a supersonic jet expansion by the ArF excimer laser photolysis, were observed by millimeter-wave spectroscopy. The b-type rotational transitions together with the weak a-type transitions were observed only for the lower component of the tunneling doublet, and no tunneling-rotation transitions connecting the lower and upper components were observed, suggesting that state mixing between the two components is negligibly small. The derived molecular constants such as the A rotational constant, Fermi contact interaction constants, and magnetic dipolar interaction constants indicate that the carrier of the observed spectrum is the trans-form of HDC=CH isomers, where the α-proton is located on the opposite side of the β-deuteron. The present conclusion of the trans-form of HDC=CH was also supported by the ab initio calculation in the CCSD(T)/cc-pVTZ level since the trans-form is calculated to be located by 30.04 cm-1 lower than the cis-form due to the difference in the zero point energy. As a result, the tunneling components in the ground state of HDC=CH behave as two different isomers localized at the trans- and cis-wells of the asymmetric double minimum potential. Observed hyperfine constants for HDC=CH were compared with those for H2C=CH to be consistent with each other.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry