Millimeter-wave concurrent beamforming: A multi-player multi-armed bandit approach

Ehab Mahmoud Mohamed, Sherief Hashima, Kohei Hatano, Hani Kasban, Mohamed Rihan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The communication in the Millimeter-wave (mmWave) band, i.e., 30~300 GHz, is characterized by short-range transmissions and the use of antenna beamforming (BF). Thus, multiple mmWave access points (APs) should be installed to fully cover a target environment with gigabits per second (Gbps) connectivity. However, inter-beam interference prevents maximizing the sum rates of the established concurrent links. In this paper, a reinforcement learning (RL) approach is proposed for enabling mmWave concurrent transmissions by finding out beam directions that maximize the long-term average sum rates of the concurrent links. Specifically, the problem is formulated as a multiplayer multiarmed bandit (MAB), where mmWave APs act as the players aiming to maximize their achievable rewards, i.e., data rates, and the arms to play are the available beam directions. In this setup, a selfish concurrent multiplayer MAB strategy is advocated. Four different MAB algorithms, namely, ϵ-greedy, upper confidence bound (UCB), Thompson sampling (TS), and exponential weight algorithm for exploration and exploitation (EXP3) are examined by employing them in each AP to selfishly enhance its beam selection based only on its previous observations. After a few rounds of interactions, mmWave APs learn how to select concurrent beams that enhance the overall system performance. The proposed MAB based mmWave concurrent BF shows comparable performance to the optimal solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1987-2007
Number of pages21
JournalComputers, Materials and Continua
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomaterials
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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