Microstructures and mechanical properties of pure V and Mo processed by high-pressure torsion

Seungwon Lee, Kaveh Edalati, Zenji Horita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


Two body centered cubic (bcc) metals, V and Mo, were processed by high pressure torsion (HPT) at ambient temperature. Hardness variation as well as microstructural evolution was examined with strain under a pressure of 2 to 6 GPa. It was shown that the hardness increases with straining and saturates to a constant level with the grain size of 330-400 nm in V irrespective of the applied pressures. Although the hardness variation with strain is the same for Mo with the grain size of ∼350 nm at the saturation level when the applied pressure is 6 GPa, the hardness level lowers below the saturation level and the grain size becomes coarser as the pressure is lowered. Tensile tests show that the strength significantly increases with some ductility for V after processing under any pressure and for Mo under lower pressures, but brittle fracture occurs in the Mo specimen processed at 6 GPa. The slower evolution of microstructure as well as the lower hardness levels observed in Mo is due to the applied pressure which is lower than the yield stress and thus due to the insufficient generation of dislocations for grain refinement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1072-1079
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Transactions
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Microstructures and mechanical properties of pure V and Mo processed by high-pressure torsion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this