Grain refinement is attempted using severe plastic deformation (SPD) through the severe torsion straining process (STSP) which we have developed recently. The STSP is a continuous process for grain refinement without requirement of any die. In this study, an AZ61 Mg alloy was subjected to STSP at a temperature of 573 K with a rotation speed of 10 rpm and a moving speed of 200 mm/min. With this process, an initial grain size of ∼20 μm was reduced to ∼2∼3 μm. Room temperature compression tests revealed that there were no cracks after 15% of compression for the STSP sample whereas fracture occurred for a conventionally extruded sample. For compression tests at 473 K, no cracks occurred in the STSP samples after 80% compression but compression was feasible without cracking only up to 20% for an extruded sample. It is shown that the STSP can be useful for grain refinement and ductility improvement of the AZ61 Mg alloy.