Dense ZrB2SiC and HfB2SiC composites were fabricated at 1800° by spark plasma sintering (SPS) using TaSi2 as sintering aid. The volume content of SiC was 530% and that of TaSi2 was 5% in the initial compositions. The additive of TaSi2 contributed to the densification of composites by the decomposition and simultaneous solid solution of Ta atoms into boride grains which was probably associated with the decrease of activation energy of boride grain boundaries. With increasingSiC content, the electrical conductivity of ZrB2SiC and HfB2SiC composites decreased from 19.89 to 11.99 and 22.29 to 13.42 × 105ω -1.m-1 respectively. Generally, the thermal conductivity of composites showed an increasing tendency with increasing SiC content, indicating the maximum values of 49.93 and 118.39W/m.K respectively for ZrB 2SiC nd HfB2SiC composites produced with 30 vol% SiC content in the initial compositions. Additionally, the Vickers hardness of composites increased with the increment of SiC content from 16.9 to 20.2 and 24.0 to 28.5 GPa for ZrB2SiC and HfB2SiC composites respectively. The fracture toughness of ZrB2SiC composites showed an increasing tendency from 3.70 to 4.44 MPa.m1/2 with increasing SiC content while those of HfB2SiC composites did not show a changing tendency and was in a range of 3.283.54 MPa.m1/2. The elastic moduli of composites declined from 464.8 to 453.2 and 494.4 to 481.9 GPa for ZrB 2SiC and HfB2SiC composites respectively with increasing SiC content.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry