Microstructure and mechanical properties of a high nitrogen titanium alloy

Tomohiro Ando, Koichi Nakashima, Toshihiro Tsuchiyama, Setsuo Takaki

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    45 Citations (Scopus)


    High nitrogen titanium alloy with the chemical composition of Ti-4%Cr-0.6%N was produced by solution nitriding to nitrogen-free Ti-4%Cr alloy, and then its microstructure was controlled to have fine (α + β) dual phase structure by aging treatment to improve the ductility. As solution-nitrided specimen has a platelet hcp-martensitic structure (α′) and is characterized by hard but brittle nature that has been produced by solid solution of 0.6% of nitrogen. On the following aging treatment, fine β phase formed along the original plate boundaries, resulting in a fine (α + β) dual phase microstructure. X-ray and EELS analyses revealed that nitrogen is greatly concentrated in the tempered α′ phase. Although the hardness of as-quenched material gradually decreases during the aging treatment with increasing volume fraction of β, the hardness can be kept much higher than that of the aged Ti-4%Cr alloy without nitrogen. As a result of tensile testing, it was found that the aged Ti-4%Cr-0.6%N alloy has high tensile strength over 1 GPa with moderate ductility.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)228-234
    Number of pages7
    JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: A
    Issue number1-2
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2008

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • General Materials Science
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering


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