This study presents a microlithography-based approach to increase the spatial resolution of strain mapping by micrographic digital image correlation. A micro-mesh with a lattice size of 500 nm was added on the surface of a Ti-6Al-4V alloy specimen with a coarse lath size of 1.1 μm. Although the micro-mesh pattern was not random, a combination of the laminated microstructure and the micro-mesh enabled sub-micrometer strain mapping through digital image correlation even for coarse lath larger than 1 μm. Specifically, the strain mapping technique used in this study was applied to characterize the strain component and distribution near an artificial sharp micro-stress concentration site introduced by a focused ion beam. The strain characterization under tensile deformation clarified that cracking occurred via shear strain localization at the micro-stress concentration site, indicating that accumulation of damage (such as vacancy or dislocation) plays an important role in the cracking mechanism of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aerospace Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering