Microfluidic synthesis of highly spherical calcium alginate hydrogels based on external gelation using an emulsion reactant

Yingzhe Liu, Naotomo Tottori, Takasi Nisisako

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Alginate-based hydrogels are widely used in the biomedical and chemical fields, and their size and shape are significant to their applications like drug delivery and cell encapsulation. Here, we report a microfluidic external gelation process using an on-chip calcium chloride (CaCl2) emulsion reactant for producing highly spherical calcium alginate (Ca-alginate) hydrogel particles. The microfluidic channels were two serial cross-junctions fabricated on quartz glass. Monodisperse sodium alginate (Na-alginate) droplets with diameters greater or smaller than the opening (ranging from 176 μm to 225 μm) with a coefficient of variation (CV) less than 3% were successfully generated at the upstream cross-junction; they then reacted with the CaCl2 emulsion at the downstream cross-junction, forming Ca-alginate hydrogels. The effects of the fraction of the aqueous phase in the reactant CaCl2 emulsion and the flow rates of continuous and emulsion phases on the roundness of the obtained hydrogels were studied. By optimizing the parameters above, monodisperse spherical hydrogel particles were obtained with diameters ranging from 147 μm to 176 μm with CVs around 5%. The synthesis of magneto-responsive hydrogels with asymmetric Fe3O4 coatings was also demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)802-809
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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