Micro-Raman Densimeter for CO2 Inclusions in Mantle-Derived Minerals

Yoko Kawakami, Junji Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Kagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated the applicability of Raman microprobe spectroscopy for determining the density of CO2 in fluid inclusions in minerals of mantle-derived xenolith samples. A separation (δ) between two Raman bands of CO2 due to Fermi resonance can be a reliable densimeter for CO2 fluid. The relationship between the density of CO2 (g/cm3) and δ(cm-1) can be expressed as: d = -0.03238697δ3 + 10.08428δ2 - 1046.189δ + 36163.67. This equation was obtained from the Raman data on CO2 fluid with densities from 0.1 to 1.21 g/cm3, including super critical fluids at 58-59 °C. The δ value was constant with increasing temperature from room temperature to 200 °C. This indicates that the Raman densimeter is not affected by a possible rise in temperature, an artifact induced by the high flux of the incident laser. The minimum size of measurable inclusions is 1 μm, and the precision in the determination of δ is 0.1 cm-1, corresponding to 0.02 g/cm3 for inclusions of 1 μm in size. The precision can be better for larger inclusions. The micro-Raman densimeter can determine the density of CO2 fluid inclusions over a wide range. In particular, densities of gas and mixtures of gas and liquid phases, which cannot be measured by microthermometry, can be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1333-1339
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Spectroscopy
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy


Dive into the research topics of 'Micro-Raman Densimeter for CO2 Inclusions in Mantle-Derived Minerals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this