Non-coding RNAs are emerging targets for drug development because they are involved in various cellular processes. However, there are a few reliable design strategies for small molecules that can target RNAs. This paper reports a simple and efficient method to comprehensively analyze RNA motifs that can be bound by a specific small molecule. The method involves Dicer-mediated pre-miRNA cleavage and subsequent analysis of the reaction products by high-throughput sequencing. A pre-miRNA mutant library containing a randomized region at the Dicer cleavage site was used as the substrate for the reaction. Sequencing analysis of the products of the reaction carried out in the presence or absence of a synthetic small molecule identified the pre-miRNA mutants whose Dicer-mediated cleavage was significantly altered by the addition of the small molecule. The binding of the small molecule to the identified pre-miRNA mutants was confirmed by surface plasmon resonance, demonstrating the feasibility of our method.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine