Measurement of analyzing powers of π+ and π- produced on a hydrogen and a carbon target with a 22-GeV/c incident polarized proton beam

C. E. Allgower, K. W. Krueger, T. E. Kasprzyk, H. M. Spinka, D. G. Underwood, A. Yokosawa, G. Bunce, H. Huang, Y. Makdisi, T. Roser, M. Syphers, A. A. Derevschikov, Yu A. Matulenko, L. V. Nogach, S. B. Nurushev, A. N. Vasiliev, M. Bai, S. Y. Lee, Y. Goto, N. HayashiT. Ichihara, M. Okamura, N. Saito, H. En'yo, K. Imai, Y. Kondo, Y. Nakada, M. Nakamura, H. Saito, H. Sakai, T. Wakasa, K. Yako, V. Baturine, A. Ogawa, V. Ghazikhanian, G. Igo, S. Trentalange, C. Whitten, N. I. Belikov, A. I. Pavlinov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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The analyzing powers of π+ and π- were measured using an incident 22-GeV/c transversely polarized proton beam at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchrotron. A magnetic spectrometer measured π± inclusive asymmetries on a hydrogen and a carbon target. An elastic polarimeter with a CH2 target measured pp elastic-scattering asymmetries to determine the beam polarization using published data for the pp elastic analyzing power. Using the beam polarization determined from the elastic polarimeter and asymmetries from the inclusive spectrometer, analyzing powers AN for π± were determined in the xF and PT ranges (0.45-0.8) and (0.3-1.2 GeV/c), respectively. The analyzing power results are similar in both sign and character to other measurements at 200 and 11.7 GeV/c, confirming the expectation that high-energy pion inclusive analyzing powers remain large and relatively energy independent. This suggests that pion inclusive polarimetry may be a suitable method for measuring future beam polarizations at BNL RHIC or DESY HERA. Analyzing powers of π+ and π- produced on hydrogen and carbon targets are the same. Various models to explain inclusive analyzing powers are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number092008
Pages (from-to)920081-9200824
Number of pages8280744
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number9 A
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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