Mass flow and reaction analysis of the growth of GaN by HVPE

P. Kempisty, I. Grzegory, M. Boćkowski, S. Krukowski, B. Łucznik, B. Pastuszka, S. Porowski

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2 Citations (Scopus)


HVPE growth in horizontal flow reactor has been analysed using finite element calculations and molecular estimates of the reaction rates. Finite element code FIDAP (commercially available from Fluent Inc.) has been used to calculate the flow pattern in the reactor. In the first approximation it was assumed that the flow pattern is weekly dependent on the temperature distribution in the reactor. It was also assumed that the volume reaction rates can be approximated by temperature independent reaction constants. The HCl + Ga(1) reaction rate has been estimated using ideal gas approximation for HCl vapour. The degree of HCl to GaCl conversion was obtained in function of the pressure, flow velocity and geometry of the reactor. The conversion dependence on the sticking coefficient of HCl on liquid Ga surface was analysed. It is shown that for the typical design of the reactor, high conversion rates were observed, even for the sticking coefficient as low as 0.001.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-134
Number of pages4
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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