We investigated several factors that could regulate the susceptibility of carcinoma cells to MAGE-2-specific CTL mediated lysis. Cytofluorometric analysis showed that the cytolysis correlated with the expression of CD54. IFN-gamma treatment induced the TAP-1 and LMP-2 genes, continuously up-regulated the HLA class I expression and increased cytolysis. Although HLA class I were highly induced in MRKnu1 cells, CD54 was not induced and the cytolysis was minimal. Cytotolysis of IFN-gamma-treated MKN-1 cells was completely inhibited by a monoclonal anti-CD54 antibody. These results suggest that HLA-restricted CTL lysis requires non-specific CD54 adherence receptors in addition to specific TCR signals.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research