Carbon monoliths with well-defined macropores and high surface areas were prepared by carbonization of macroporous poly(divinylbenzene) (PDVB) monoliths. The carbonization reactions of PDVB networks are studied by thermal analysis and FT-IR measurements. According to the measurement results, the PDVB networks are mostly pyrolyzed at 430 °C and their structures dynamically change to graphite-like structure between 600 and 700 °C. The macropore structure retained while the mesopores disappeared after carbonization. In addition, the surface area of the obtained carbons dramatically increased over 900 °C. The typical carbon monolith carbonized at 1000 °C for 2 h had a surface area of 1500 m2 g-1 and uniform macropores with a diameter of 1 μm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)