Increased lipoprotein-associated PLA2 (Lp-PLA2) predicts the future development of cardiovascular diseases. Although lysophosphatidylcholine (lyso-PC) produced by Lp-PLA2 may contribute to its proatherogenic activity, the relation between Lp-PLA2 and lyso-PC content in LDL remains unclarified. We determined the correlation between lyso-PC content in LDL and serum concentrations of Lp-PLA2, chemokines, oxidative and inflammatory markers and microvascular complications in 32 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus free of macroangiopathy. We also investigated the effect of simvastatin treatment on Lp-PLA2 and lyso-PC content in 26 hypercholesterolemic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 1-palmitoyl lyso-PC was measured using electrospray ionization-liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry and Lp-PLA2 by ELISA. Lyso-PC content in LDL was significantly higher in diabetic patients than in control healthy subjects. Lyso-PC content correlated significantly with Lp-PLA2 levels (r = 0.56, p < 0.0001), and was significantly higher in patients with preproliferative or proliferative retinopathy and those with nephropathy than the control. Simvastatin treatment reduced serum Lp-PLA2 and lyso-PC content in LDL. Our findings suggest that Lp-PLA2 has the proatherogenic activity by contributing to the production of lyso-PC in circulating LDL.
|Number of pages
|Published - Feb 2008
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine