LSPR sensor array based on molecularly imprinted sol-gels for pattern recognition of volatile organic acids

Liang Shang, Chuanjun Liu, Masashi Watanabe, Bin Chen, Kenshi Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Volatile organic acids are important compounds contained in human body odor. The detection and recognition of volatile organic acids in human body odor are significant in many areas. The present study explored a possibility to use localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) and molecularly imprinted sol-gels (MISGs) as the sensitive layer to recognize typical organic acid odorants, propanoic acid (PA), hexanoic acid (HA), heptanoic acid (HPA) and octanoic acid (OA), from human body. The LSPR layer was prepared by vacuum sputtering of AuNPs on a glass substrate and consequently thermal annealing. The sensitive layer was fabricated by spin-coating molecularly imprinted titanate sol-gel on the AuNPs layer. A homemade optical device was developed to detect the change of transmittance, which was caused by the index changes of organic acid vapors where selecting absorbed by the MISG layers. It was found that compared with MISG coated samples, samples coated with non-imprinted sol gel (NISG) shown no responses to any acid vapors. For the MISG coated sensors, the LSPR sensitivity was affected by the spin coating speed. In addition, a sensor array based on MISGs with different templates (HA, HPA and OA) was constructed to detect the organic acids in single and their binary mixtures. The sensor response was analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA). A 100% classification rate was achieved by leave-one-out cross-validation technique for LDA model. This work demonstrated that the MISGs coated LSPR sensor array has a great potential in organic acid odor recognition of human body odor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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