Low-Profile Two-Degree-of-Freedom Wrist Exoskeleton Device Using Multiple Spring Blades

Tomohito Higuma, Kazuo Kiguchi, Jumpei Arata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Robotically assisted rehabilitation therapy, which is therapy performed using a robotic device that guides or assists motion and in some cases triggered by a biological signal (such as a myoelectric signal or brain signal) is effective in recovering motor function following impairment. In the field of rehabilitation robots and human support robot, exoskeleton robots have been widely studied both for upper and lower limbs. Applying the exoskeleton to a wrist joint remains challenging because the wrist has two degrees of freedom in a structure smaller than the structures of other upper and lower limb joints and the center of rotation moves according to motion owing to the complex anatomical structure. To tackle this problem, we developed a wrist exoskeleton mechanism that consists of two elastic elements that largely deform during motion in transmitting forces from two linear actuators implemented on the user's forearm and in transforming the forces to wrist flexion/extension and adduction/abduction. The advantages of the presented device are the device's compactness, low weight, and inherent flexibility due to the elastic structure. The present letter presents an overview of the newly developed wrist exoskeleton mechanism, prototype implementation, and preliminary mechanical evaluations. The technical verification of the exoskeleton revealed the feasibility of generating forces that can generate wrist flexion/extension and adduction/abduction movements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8010418
Pages (from-to)305-311
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Control and Optimization
  • Artificial Intelligence


Dive into the research topics of 'Low-Profile Two-Degree-of-Freedom Wrist Exoskeleton Device Using Multiple Spring Blades'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this