Long-day stimulation increases thyroid-stimulating hormone expression and affects gonadal development in chub mackerel

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For seasonal breeders, photoperiodic changes are important signals that mark the start of the breeding season. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is a glycoprotein hormone that not only promotes the secretion of thyroid hormone but also plays a key role in regulating seasonal reproduction in birds and mammals. However, whether TSH activation has been implicated as a seasonal indicator in fish breeding has not been fully investigated. In this study, we isolated tshb as a starting point to elucidate the effect of photoperiodic changes on the activation of the reproductive axis of chub mackerel. The isolated tshb was classified as tshba, which is widely conserved in vertebrates. The quantitative PCR results showed that tshb was strongly expressed in the pituitary. When female and male chub mackerel with immature gonads were reared for six weeks under different photoperiodic conditions, the gonads developed substantially in the long-day (LD) reared fish compared to those in the short-day reared fish. Real-time PCR results showed that the expression level of tshb in the pituitary gland was significantly elevated in the LD group. Although there was no difference in the gonadotropin-releasing hormone 1 gene expression level in the preoptic area of the brain, follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone gene expression levels in the pituitary were also significantly elevated in the LD group. In conclusion, TSH is a potential mediator of seasonal information in the reproductive endocrine axis and may induce gonadal development during the breeding season of chub mackerel.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111334
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology -Part A : Molecular and Integrative Physiology
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology


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