Localization and interaction of the biosynthetic proteins for the lantibiotic, nukacin ISK-1

Jun Ichi Nagao, Yuji Aso, Toshihiro Sashihara, Kouki Shioya, Asaho Adachi, Jiro Nakayama, Kenji Sonomoto

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22 Citations (Scopus)


Nukacin ISK-1 is a type-A(II) lantibiotic produced by Staphylococcus warneri ISK-1. In this study, we characterized NukM and NukT, which are predicted to be involved in modification of prepeptide (NukA) and cleavage of leader peptide and subsequent secretion respectively. Localization analysis of NukM and NukT in the wild-type strain indicated that both proteins were located at the cytoplasm membrane. Interestingly, NukM expressed heterologously in St. carnosus TM300 was also located at the cytoplasm membrane even in the absence of NukT. Yeast two-hybrid assay showed that a complex of at least two each of NukM and NukT was associated with NukA. In vitro interaction analysis by surface plasmon resonance biosensor further suggested that membrane-located NukM interacted with NukA. These results indicate that NukM and NukT form a membrane-located multimeric protein complex and that post-translational modification of nukacin ISK-1 would occur at the cytoplasm membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1341-1347
Number of pages7
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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