Lipid Lateral Diffusion in Dilauroylphosphatidylcholine/Cholesterol Mixed Monolavers at the Air/Water Interface

Keiji Tanaka, Patricia A. Manning, Victor K. Lau, Hyuk Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Binary monolayers of L-α-dilauroylphosphatidylcholine (DLPC) and cholesterol were formed at the air/water interface by the successive addition method with chloroform as the spreading solvent at 296 K. Translational diffusion of a probe lipid in the monolayers as a function of cholesterol fraction was examined by the technique of fluorescence recovery after photobleaching in conjunction with epifluorescence microscopy and the Wilhelmy plate method. A transition from biphasic morphology to a visually homogeneous uniphasic monolayer occurred at surface pressures between 13 and 20 mN·m-1, depending on the cholesterol fraction in the monolayer. The lateral diffusion coefficient was found to decrease when surface pressure and/or cholesterol fraction were/was increased. The diffusion coefficients of the probe lipid in the homogeneous monolayers were analyzed on the basis of the free area model. The observed retardation of the diffusion is ascribed to an increase in the in-plane surface viscosity of monolayers. In the case of biphasic binary monolayers, the retardation with increasing cholesterol fraction is attributed to the obstacle mediated diffusion as in the effective medium analysis as well as to increasing surface viscosity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)600-606
Number of pages7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Lipid Lateral Diffusion in Dilauroylphosphatidylcholine/Cholesterol Mixed Monolavers at the Air/Water Interface'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this