We report a simple preparation and color-tunable fluorescence of a series of azobenzene derivatives. The introduction of an electron-withdrawing or electron-donating group at the X position of azobenzenes (1-8) containing a biphenyl unit makes it possible to modulate the fluorescence color of the UV-exposed azobenzene solutions from blue to yellow, which correlates with the electron-donating abilities of the respective substituents. Theoretical calculations suggest that changes in both the dihedral angles between two phenyl rings of the biphenyl unit and the dipole moments between the trans and cis forms depending on the substituents seem to be important factors in determining the photochemical properties of chromophores.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry