Light Controls Protein Localization through Phytochrome-Mediated Alternative Promoter Selection

Tomokazu Ushijima, Kousuke Hanada, Eiji Gotoh, Wataru Yamori, Yutaka Kodama, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Miyako Kusano, Atsushi Fukushima, Mutsutomo Tokizawa, Yoshiharu Y. Yamamoto, Yasuomi Tada, Yutaka Suzuki, Tomonao Matsushita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


Alternative promoter usage is a proteome-expanding mechanism that allows multiple pre-mRNAs to be transcribed from a single gene. The impact of this mechanism on the proteome and whether it is positively exploited in normal organismal responses remain unclear. We found that the plant photoreceptor phytochrome induces genome-wide changes in alternative promoter selection in Arabidopsis thaliana. Through this mechanism, protein isoforms with different N termini are produced that display light-dependent differences in localization. For instance, shade-grown plants accumulate a cytoplasmic isoform of glycerate kinase (GLYK), an essential photorespiration enzyme that was previously thought to localize exclusively to the chloroplast. Cytoplasmic GLYK constitutes a photorespiratory bypass that alleviates fluctuating light-induced photoinhibition. Therefore, phytochrome controls alternative promoter selection to modulate protein localization in response to changing light conditions. This study suggests that alternative promoter usage represents another ubiquitous layer of gene expression regulation in eukaryotes that contributes to diversification of the proteome. Light signaling through phytochrome receptors changes protein localization through alternative promoter selection, allowing plants to metabolically respond to changing light conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1316-1325.e12
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 30 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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