Vascular access intervention therapy (VAIVT) is necessary to maintain vascular access in patients undergoing hemodialysis. VAIVT-associated vasodilatation is painful. However, few reports have focused on effective pain relief at the time of VAIVT. The present study was performed to determine whether lidocaine-propitocain cream, a eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA), effectively reduces VAIVT-associated pain in patients undergoing hemodialysis. This placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study was conducted in a single center. Among 210 patients who underwent a total of 437 VAIVT procedures from August 2017 to June 2018, 30 patients were randomly allocated to either the EMLA–placebo arm or placebo–EMLA arm at the time of VAIVT. EMLA application significantly reduced the visual analog scale score compared with placebo (47.0 ± 21.1 vs. 68.6 ± 20.7 mm, respectively; P < 0.05). EMLA is a safe and effective treatment for relief of VAIVT-associated pain in patients undergoing hemodialysis.
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