High-resolution powder x-ray-diffraction measurements on cupric oxide CuO are carried out in an extensive temperature range from 100 K to 1000 K. Anomalies in the lattice constants appear at the known antiferromagnetic phase transitions at TN1=230K and TN2=213K, respectively, suggesting strong spin-lattice coupling in CuO. The Rietveld analysis with precise x-ray-diffraction data between 300 K and 1000 K clarifies a different structural phase transition at 800 K (TS). Below 800 K, anisotropic behaviors in the Cu-Cu distances are observed along the [101-] and  directions. The Cu-Cu distance along [101-] hardly changes in the temperature range below TS, which is similar to the temperature dependence of the Cu-Cu distance in the CuO2 plane of the high-TC cuprate La2-xSrxCuO4. We suggest that the structural phase transition is caused by the softening of A1g Raman mode at TS. The present study elucidates a strong spin-lattice coupling in CuO below TS, indicating persistence of magnetic interaction up to 3.5 times higher-temperature region than TN1.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 17 2004|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics