Simulations of flow through three-dimensional porous structures of NAFION polymer membranes are performed with a Lattice-Boltzmann method (LBM) for incompressible fluid. Geometry data of NAFION are constructed from a result of a dissipative particle dynamics simulation for three values of the water content, 10%, 20%, and 30%, and are used as the geometry input for the LBM. Permeability of the porous structure is extracted from results of the LBM simulation using Darcy's low. The permeability K is shown to be expressed as K = L2 × Ktpl with a characteristic length L and the dimensionless permeability Ktpl depending only on the topological structure of the porous media. Dependence of Ktpl is examined on the pressure gradient, the fluid viscosity, and the resolution of the computational grid.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics