Laser transformation hardening of steel: Effects of beam mode, beam size, and composition

R. C. Reed, Z. Shen, J. M. Robinson, T. Akbay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Laser transformation hardening experiments have been carried out on three model steel alloys of nominal composition Fe-0.4C, Fe-0.4C-1.0Mn, and Fe-0.4C-1.0Si (wt-%). A 1 kW continuous wave laser with a near Gaussian beam and a 5 kW continuous wave laser fitted with a beam integration device have been employed. Thus, it has proved possible to isolate the effects of alloy chemistry and beam mode on the kinetics of the hardening process. The dimensions of the hardened zones have been characterised and the results compared with calculations made using process models. It is shown that the results from experiment and theory are in broad agreement. Hardened zones resulting from the uniform source had a larger width/depth ratio than those resulting from the Gaussian source, although the effect was not as enhanced as suggested by theory. A comparison of the Fe-C, Fe-C-Mn. and Fe-C-Si specimens revealed that manganese and silicon increased the width of the transformed zone, and that this effect was more significant at higher processing speeds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-118
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Science and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Laser transformation hardening of steel: Effects of beam mode, beam size, and composition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this