Large-scale inhomogeneity of dark energy produced in the ancestor vacuum

Yue Nan, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Hajime Aoki, Satoshi Iso, Daisuke Yamauchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate large-scale inhomogeneity of dark energy in the bubble nucleation scenario of the universe. In this scenario, the present universe was created by a bubble nucleation due to quantum tunneling from a metastable ancestor vacuum, followed by a primordial inflationary era. During the bubble nucleation, supercurvature modes of some kind of a scalar field are produced, and remain until present without decaying; thus they can play a role of the dark energy, if the mass of the scalar field is sufficiently light in the present universe. The supercurvature modes fluctuate at a very large spatial scale, much longer than the Hubble length in the present universe. Thus they create large-scale inhomogeneities of the dark energy, and generate large-scale anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) fluctuations. This is a notable feature of this scenario, where quantum fluctuations of a scalar field are responsible for the dark energy. In this paper, we calculate imprints of the scenario on the CMB anisotropies through the integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect, and give observational constraints on the curvature parameter ωK and on an additional parameter ϵ describing some properties of the ancestor vacuum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103512
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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