Large reduction in the (ΔKeff)th of short crack at extremely high stress ratio

Yoshiyuki Kondo, Chu Sakae, Masanobu Kubota, Takao Kudou

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    1 Citation (Scopus)


    It has been recognized that the threshold stress intensity factor Delta;Kth of short crack is dependent on many factors. Dependencies of Delta;Kth on material hardness, mean stress and crack size could be successfully evaluated on the basis of crack closure phenomenon. As a consequence, the (Delta;Keff)th was almost constant for a wide range of conditions. In this study, however, extraordinary decrease in the (Delta;Keff)th was found to occur in some limited condition. It was shown that the reduction was caused by the conjunction of three conditions, namely, high stress ratio (R) larger than 0.8, short crack and hard material whose Vickers hardness was higher than 300. The lowest value of (Delta;Keff)th obtained in this study was 0.7MPam 1/2 for steel. The fracture surface morphology was trans-granular and no indication of environmental effect was found. The fatigue crack propagation rate near the threshold condition could be uniquely evaluated even in such a short crack regime using the effective stress intensity factor with the following modification {Delta;Keff - (Delta;Keff) th.a} Here, (Delta;Keff)th.a is the (Delta;Keff)th for crack length a. This evaluation could be applicable in short crack regime as short as 0.04mm. Delta;Keff still plays a role as the governing parameter for fatigue crack propagation of short crack.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)661-666
    Number of pages6
    JournalZairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • General Materials Science
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering


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