A methacrylate-based crosslinking hyperbranced polymers have been synthesized through initiator-fragment incorporation radical polymerization and used for the temperature stable electro-optic (EO) polymer application. This polymer consists of methyl methacrylate, 2-metacryloxyethyl isocyanate, and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) monomers. The use of EGDMA as a bifunctional unit resulted in the solvent-soluble crosslinking hyperbranched chain, so that the EO polymer enhanced glass transition temperatures. A phenyl vinylene thiophene vinylene bridge nonlinear optical chromophore was attached to the polymer backbone as the side-chain by a post-functionalization reaction. The loading concentration of the chromophore was varied between 30 and 50 wt % by simply changing the mixing ratio of the precursor polymer to the chromophore. The synthesized EO polymers produced optical quality films with a light propagation loss of 0.61 dB/cm in a slab waveguide at 1.31 μm. The electrically poled film had an EO coefficient (r 33) of 139 pm/V at 1.31 μm. The EO crosslinking hyperbranced polymer had a high-glass transition temperature of 170 °C, and exhibited excellent temporal stability of the EO activity at 85 °C for 500 h.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
|Published - Apr 1 2012
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Organic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry