Laparoscopic pancreatic surgery: Current indications and surgical results

S. Shimizu, M. Tanaka, H. Konomi, K. Mizumoto, K. Yamaguchi

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92 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Although minimally invasive surgery has achieved worldwide acceptance in various fields, laparoscopic surgery for pancreatic diseases has been reported only rarely. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and feasibility of laparoscopic pancreatic surgery. Methods: Fifteen patients, comprising eight men and seven women with an average age of 54 years, underwent laparoscopic pancreatic surgery. Distal pancreatectomy was indicated for solid tumors (n = 4), cystic lesions (n = 3), and chronic pancreatitis (n = 2). Cystogastrostomy was performed for pseudocysts (n = 4) and enucleation for insulinomas (n = 2). The lesions varied in size from 1 to 9 cm (2.9 ± 2. 4 cm) and were located in the pancreatic head (n = 2), body (n = 3), or tail (n = 10). For distal pancreatectomy, the splenic artery was divided and the parenchyma was transected with a linear stapler. Laparoscopic ultrasonography was used to determine the distance between the tumor and the main pancreatic duct for enucleation as well as to localize the lesion for distal pancreatectomy. Cystogastrostomy, 4.5 cm in length, was also performed with the linear stapler through the window of the lesser omentum. Results: Mean operation time was 249 ± 70 min (293 ± 58 min in distal pancreatectomy, 185 ± 14 min in enucleation, 204 ± 50 min in cystogastrostomy), and mean blood loss was 138 ± 184 g (213 ± 227 g, 75 ± 35 g, 38 ± 48 g, respectively). Two distal pancreatectomies (13%) were converted to open surgery due to severe peripancreatic inflammation. There was no related mortality, but there were two cases (15%) of pancreatic fistula, one in a distal pancreatectomy case and the other in an enucleation case, and both were treated conservatively. Conclusions: Laparoscopic pancreatic surgery is safe and feasible for patients with benign tumors and cystic lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-406
Number of pages5
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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