Land degradation in Nepal: A review on its status and consequences

Prem Prasad Paudel, Bimala Devi Devkota, Tetsuya Kubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The Nepal Himalaya constitute a threatened ecosystem and cultivation of marginal lands, livestock grazing and depletion of biomass cover, which are directly accelerating land degradation problems. About one third of the total area has no or little vegetation growth exhibiting the characteristics of cold desert. About 10,000 ha in Dolpa and Mustang districts (highlands areas in western Nepal) feature a process of desertification. Two-third of the country is geologically fragile where both man-land ratio and soil erosion are exceedingly high. Topsoil loss was high of 87 tons/ha/yr in sloping terrace. The problem of land degradation is causing decrease in soil quality, soil productivity are in increasing trends. Problem of malnutrition, out migration, biodiversity loss and other associated consequences are becoming major challenges. In these context, this paper highlights and presents some of the land degradation information and some efforts to deal with the facing problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-479
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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