We find that characteristics of quantum tunnelling in the presence of chaos can be regarded as a manifestation of the Julia set of the complex dynamical system. Several numerical pieces of evidence for the standard map, together with a rigorous statement for the Hénon map, are presented, demonstrating that the complex classical paths which contribute to the semiclassical propagator are dense in the Julia set. Chaotic tunnelling can thus be characterized by the transitivity of the dynamics and high density of the trajectories on the Julia set.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics
- General Physics and Astronomy