Joint Photographic Experts Group compression of intraoral radiographs for image transmission on the World Wide Web

Hidemichi Yuasa, Yoshiko Ariji, Masafumi Ohki, Munetaka Naitoh, Masaru Shiojima, Masayuki Ushida, Eiichiro Ariji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the subjective quality of Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) compressed images of intraoral radiographs with file sizes of 30 kilobytes or less, which can be transmitted quickly on the World Wide Web. Study design. Conventional intraoral radiographs were digitized at sampling rates of 100, 200, 300, 400, and 600 dots per inch through use of a flatbed scanner and saved in JPEG format in 11 compression degrees. Fifty-five combinations of sampling rate and compression degree were evaluated by means of a visual analog scale. Sampling rate and compression degree combinations whose quality was inferior to that of an average image were excluded. The quality of the remaining combinations was subsequently evaluated through assessment of 8 anatomical features in each image. Results. Forty of the 55 combinations provided a file size less than 30 kilobytes. Thirty combinations obtained VAS scores of 0 or higher on the standardized VAS. As a result, 16 combinations of sampling and compression conditions were selected for the second part of the study. Only one combination of sampling rate and compression degree was found to provide sufficient image quality for all 8 anatomical features. Conclusions. Under the file size limit of the study design, the full-sized compressed image of an intraoral radiograph did not always provide sufficient quality. This problem will be reduced by improvements in telecommunications infrastructure, which will permit faster transfer of files of larger size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-99
Number of pages7
JournalOral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)


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