Sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) events in Northern Hemisphere winter atmosphere play a significant effect on large ionospheric disturbances. Nevertheless, the SSW effects on small-scale structure in ionosphere, that is, the ionospheric F layer irregularities, are generally lack of understanding. This work carefully studied the equatorial F layer scintillation during the SSW event extending from 4 January to 5 February in 2013 by using the data of COSMIC/FORMOSAT-3 (a Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate mission). The occurrence rate of ionospheric F layer scintillation was found to be apparently decreased by about 30% during the SSW period. This phenomenon was obviously seen in American sector (90°W–0°) and African sector (0°–90°E). Another prominent feature was the ~0.5 local time hour delay of maximum scintillation occurrence rate associated with the suppression of equatorial F layer irregularities in the first 2 hr after the sunset during the SSW event in January 2013.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Space and Planetary Science