Ion irradiation-induced amorphization and nano-crystal formation in garnets

S. Utsunomiya, L. M. Wang, S. Yudintsev, R. C. Ewing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


The radiation susceptibility of garnet structure types (A3B2(XO4)3, Ia3d, Z = 8) has been examined by 1.0 MeV Kr2+ irradiation with in situ transmission electron microscopy over the temperature range of 50-1070 K. The target garnets included five natural garnets: almandine, andradite, pyrope, grossular and spessartine, and five synthetic garnets incorporating various contents of actinides. The synthetic garnets were silicates (N-series) and ferrate-aluminates (G-series). The critical amorphization temperature (Tc), above which amorphization does not occur, were determined to be 1050 K for N77, 1130 K for N56, 1100 K for G3, 890 K for G4 and 1030 K for andradite. Tc of the synthetic garnets increased with increasing mass density of the target and as the electronic-to-nuclear stopping power ratio decreased. During ion irradiation of the G3 garnet at a temperature of 1023 K near the Tc, nano-crystals were produced in which the unit-cell parameter of the original garnet was halved (∼0.64 nm) as a result of a radiation-induced recrystallization process, without evidence for ordering of the cations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-187
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2002
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • General Materials Science
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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