We have previously shown that the transcriptional product of the novel gene, Xenopus tudor repeat (Xtr), occurred exclusively in germline cells and early embryonic cells and that the putative Xtr contained plural tudor domains which are thought to play a role in the protein-protein interactions. To understand the role of Xtr, we produced an antibody against a polypeptide containing Xtr tudor domains as an antigen and investigated the distribution and the function of the Xtr. Immunoprecipitation/Western blot and immunohistochemical analyses indicated a similar occurrence of the Xtr to the mRNA except for a slightly different profile of its amount during spermatogenesis. In spite of a large amount of Xtr mRNA at late-secondary spermatogonial stage, the amount of Xtr was kept at a low level until this stage and increased after entering into the meiotic phase. Depletion of the Xtr function in the activated eggs by injection of the anti-Xtr antibody caused the inhibition both of microtubule assembly around nucleus and of karyokinesis progression after prophase, but not of the oscillation of H1 kinase activity. These results suggest that the karyokinesis of at least early embryonic cells are regulated by unique mechanisms in which the Xtr is involved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology