We investigated the role of monocyte/macrophage-activating cytokines in pathogenesis of haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in 21 adult patients. Sera from patients with active HLH contained extremely high levels of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and of interferon-γ (IFN-γ). These levels returned to almost normal during remission. Neither interleukin-4 nor granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor could be detected. Active HLH sera also contained high concentrations of inflammatory monokines, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Serum concentrations of soluble CD8 and soluble interleukin-2 receptor were extremely high during active HLH, and returned to virtually normal levels during remission. Circulating CD2+ T-cells obtained from patients with active HLH spontaneously secreted M-CSF and IFN-γ in vitro, whereas circulating monocytes did not produce detectable levels of both M-CSF and IFN-γ, but produced high levels of IL-6 and TNF-α. These findings suggest that IFN-γ and M-CSF at least partly from T-cells, such as CD8+ T-cells, might contribute to activation of monocytes or histiocytes, resulting in the up-regulated monokine production and haemophagocytosis in HLH.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||British Journal of Haematology|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
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