Previously we reported that 67-kDa laminin receptor (67LR) mediates epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG)-induced cell growth inhibition and reduction of myosin regulatory light chain (MRLC) phosphorylation at Thr-18/Ser-19, which is important for cytokinesis. Here, we found that human colon adenocarcinoma Caco-2 cells exhibited higher expression level of 67LR and EGCG at a physiologically achievable concentration (1 μM) significantly accumulated the cells in G2/M phase without affecting expression of Wnt-signaling components. We also found that myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1) phosphorylation at Thr-696, which inhibits myosin phosphatase and promotes MRLC phosphorylation, was reduced in response to 1 μM EGCG. 67LR knockdown by RNA interference abolished the inhibitory effects of 1 μM EGCG on cell cycle progression and the phosphorylation of MRLC and MYPT1. These results suggest that through 67LR, EGCG at a physiological concentration can activate myosin phosphatase by reducing MYPT1 phosphorylation and that may be involved in EGCG-induced cell growth inhibition.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - Jun 20 2008
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology